2018年山西教师招聘高中英语语法常识之时态(二)

发布时间:2018-02-13 17:15:15     来源:教师招聘网

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>>>山西教师报名:2018山西最近教师招聘信息

中公教师网在山西教师招聘中,高中英语学科的语法知识常常是考试的一大难点,它究竟是怎么样的呢?中公教师在这里为您解惑。

【教师招聘考试重点时态考点归纳】

【过去完成时】

表示过去某个时间之前已经完成的动作,即过去完成时的动作发生在“过去的过去”,句中有明显的参照动作或时间状语,这种时态从来不孤立使用。

There had been 25 parks in our city up till 2009.

By the end of last term we had finished the book.

They finished earlier than we had expected.

考点一:用于hardly/scarcely...when; no sooner ...than句型中,主句用过去完成时,从句用一般过去时。

I had hardly finished my work when he came to see me.

I had no sooner got the room than it began to snow.

No sooner had I arrived home than the telephone rang. (注意倒装)

考点二:表示“第几次做某事”,主句用过去时,从句用过去完成时。

That was the second time that she had seen her grandfather.

考点三:动词hope, expect, think, intend, mean, want, suppose, plan 用过去完成时,表示未实现的愿望、打算和意图。

I had hoped that I could do the job. I had intended to see you but I was too busy.

【一般将来时】

表示在将来某个时间发生的动作或情况。常和tomorrow, next year, in 2008等表示将来的时间状语连用,其表现形式多达5种。

考点一:一般将来时总是用在一些时间状语从句或条件状语从句的主句中。

We will begin our class as soon as the teacher comes.

(主句用一般将来时,从句中一定要用一般现在时替代一般将来时。)

考点二:某些表示短暂性动作的动词如arrive, come, go, leave, start等,用现在进行时形式表示将来。

I am leaving for Beijing tomorrow.

考点三:“祈使句 + and / or + 句子”,这种结构中and后面的句子谓语用一般将来时。

Use your head and you will find a way.

考点四:“be going to + 动词原形”,表示打算要做的事或可能要发生的事。

“be about to + 动词原形”表示按照预定计划或打算准备着手进行的动作。

“be to + 动词原形”表示必须、必然或计划将要做的事。

They are to be married in May.

责任编辑(车小仙儿)

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