2018年山西教师招聘高中英语语法之特殊分词

发布时间:2018-02-13 17:17:31     来源:教师招聘网

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中公教师网在山西教师招聘中,高中英语学科的语法知识常常是考试的一大难点,它究竟是怎么样的呢?中公教师在这里为您解惑。

【特殊分词用法归纳】

1. considering “就……而论、照……来看;考虑到”,既可用作介词,又可用作连词。例:

I hear he is more than 70, but he is still very strong, considering his age.

听说他已经 70 多岁了,但从他的年纪来看,他仍然很结实。

Considering(that)he did not study hard, he did well on the test.考虑到他没有用功,他考得还不错。

另:considering 还可用作副词,通常置于句尾,意为“从各方面看”。例:

She seems(to be)very bright, considering.从各方面看,她似乎很聪明。

2. providing / provided “倘若……;在……的条件下”,用作连词,引导条件状语从句,但从句不用虚拟语气。例:

We'll visit Europe next year, provided / providing(that)we have the money.如果我们有这笔钱,我们明年将去欧洲游览。

I shall go provided / providing(that)it does not rain.倘若天不下雨,我就去。

3. supposing / suppose “假如、假定”用作连词,引导条件状语从句,从句可用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气。例:

Supposing / Suppose(that)the weather were bad, where would you go?假如天气不好,你去什么地方?

Supposing / Suppose(that)she doesn't come, what should we do?假如她不来我们该怎么办?

supposing 可用在一个简单句中,相当于 What would / will happen if … / What does it matter if …例:

Supposing I don't see her.(=What will happen if I don't see her?)假如我见不到她,那该怎么办?

suppose 意为“假定;万一;倘若;不妨;何不”。例:

(Let us)Suppose(that)his statement is right.假定他的陈述是正确的。

4. according to /by “根据…… / 按照……”,用作连词。例:

According to my watch, it's 4 o'clock.按照我表上的时间,现在是4点钟。

You may go or stay, according as you decide.去还是留,由你来决定。

You may / will be praised or blamed according as your work is good or bad.根据工作好坏你将会受到奖惩。

责任编辑(车小仙儿)

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